Les Orchidées Parfumées

Les Orchidées n'ont pas que leur beauté à offrir, celle-ci s'accompagne souvent de fragrances délicates....

Si vous souhaitez commencer une collection d'orchidées parfumées, voici un petit panel de parfums :

 

LES PARFUMS AROMATIQUES :

-ANIS : Paphiopedilum niveum

-AUBÉPINE : Dendrobium papelbrae

-CAFÉ : Phalaenopsis sumatrana

-CANNELLE : Lycaste aromatica

-ÉPICES : Acineta superba, Aerides quinquevulnerum, Catasetum fimbriatum, Epidendrum aromaticum, Epidendrum atropurpureum, Maxillaria Picta, Phalaenopsis gigantea

-GARDENIA : Aerangis ellisii

-MIEL : Dendrobium aggregatum, Dendrobium discolor, Dendrobium harveyanum

-MUSC : Arachnis flos-aeris, Coelogyne dayana, Coelogyne fimbriata, Coelogyne speciosa, Coelogyne tomentosa, Dendrobium moschatum, Dendrobium pulchellum

-NARCISSE : Angraecum distichum

-RHUBARBE : Dendrobium superbum, Dendrobium parishii

-THÉ : Cymbidium sinense

-VANILLE : Vanilla biensûr mais pas toutes, seulement une quinzaine d'espèces sur les 119 répertoriées sont connues pour leur fruits aromatiques, ex : Vanilla

 planifolia, tahitensis, pompona... mais aussi les de nombreuses espèces de Cattleya, Dendrobium leonis, Odontoglossum pulchellum, Oncidium leopardinum, Trichopilia fragrans

-VIOLETTE : Dendrobium amoenum

 

Lycaste aromatica

 

LES PARFUMS FRUITÉS :

-AMANDE : Cyperorchis mastersii

-CITRON : Dendrobium senile

-COCO : Bulbophyllum cocoinum, Cymbidium atropurpureum

-ANANAS : Aerides crispum

-FRAMBOISE : Dendrobium anosmum

-MANDARINE : Dendrobium draconis

-MELON : Maxillaria nigrescens, Odontoglossum citrosmum

-ORANGE : Dendrochilum  aurantiacum

-POIRE : Epidendrum alatum

-PRUNE : Cattleya chocoensis

 

Cependant certaines orchidées ont la particularité d'avoir un parfum changeant en fonction du moment de

la journée :

-Le Dendrobium nobile a la réputation de sentir la primevère le matin, le miel à midi et l'herbe fraîche le soir !

-Certains Cattleya sentent la rose le matin et le gardénia l'après midi.

-Le Phalaenopsis schilleriana sent le muguet le matin et la rose le soir.

-Le Vanda sumatrana sent la créosote le matin et la rose la nuit.

-Le Vandopsis gigantea a une odeur de cuir le matin et d'iris la nuit.

Certaines orchidées exaltent leur parfum qu'à une période de la journée :

-Le Dendrobium crumenatum aux fleurs éphémères a une délicieuse odeur rappelant le cyclamen, qui ne dure que la matinée.

-C'est aussi le cas de l'Oncidium lanceanum, Vanda parishii et Vandopsis lissochiloides.


LES PARFUMS NOCTURNES :

Presque toutes les fleurs appartenant aux Angraecoïdes et munies d'un éperon sont fécondées par des insectes noctures (type papillon de nuit). Leur couleur blanche permet aux visiteurs de les repérer facilement et elles n'ont pas de parfum perceptible pendant le jour. Il y a ainsi plus de 200 espèces  possédant chacune son propre insecte polinisateur. Ces parfums sont agréables et pénétrant.

-L'Angraecum sesquipedale connu sous le nom "d'Etoile de Madagascar" a un parfum envoûtant durant la nuit.

-Les Brassavola frangrans et Brassavola nodosa sont connus sous le nom de "Dames de Nuit".

-Le Vanda suavis est légèrement parfumé le jour, et très parfumé à la tombée de la nuit.

Angraecum sesquipedale, photo prise lors du salon d'Eguilles.

 

LES ORCHIDÉES A FEUILLES ODORANTES :

-Les feuilles séchées du Dendrobium salaccense dégagent une odeur forte, agréable et pénétrante. Les indigènes de Java s'en parfument en les portant dans la

 chevelure.

-La Jumellea fragrans se reconnait au toucher de la feuille, il suffit de la frotter dans ses doigts pour qu'ils s'imprègne de son odeur particulièrement agréable.

Sur l'île de la Réunion ont le surnomme aussi "faham" et elle est utilisée pour la préparation de leur thé, son arôme est dit supérieur à celui du thé ! 

-Les feuilles des Aceras et celles de la plupart des Orchis, séchées à l'ombre dégagent un parfum de vanille qui embaume le linge !

Jumellea frangrans

 

LES PARFUMS REPOUSSANTS :

Et oui, ces beautés n'ont pas toutes la chance d'être agrémentées de fragrances exquises...certaines se rapprocheraient plus d'odeurs nauséabondes et fétides :

-Qui ne connait pas Loroglossum hircinum ou Orchis bouc, a odeur de bouc ?

-La plupart des Bulbophyllums possèdent des odeurs pestinentielles (cadavre, urine...), je cite par exemple Bulbophyllum echinolabium, qui cache son odeur d'urine de chat derrière sa splendide fleur mais aussi Bulbophyllum foetidum, beccari, dayanum, graveolens, macrobulbon, robustum, putridum, etc...

-D'autres beautés pestinentielles : Vanda foetida, Masdevallia vilifera, Dendrobium cucumerianum, Coelogyne flaccida...

Bulbophyllum echinolabium (sa fleur ne vaut t'elle pas ce petit sacrifice ? ^^)

 

J'espère que cet article vous aura plus, pour information je me suis aidée du "Traité des Orchidées" du grand Marcel Lecoufle et...de mon nez ^^ !

36 votes. Moyenne 4.00 sur 5.

Commentaires (94)

1. Nezherbes (site web) 04/02/2011

Bonjour,

Joli site, chouette article.
Je vais vous mettre en lien depuis mon blog...

Bonne continuation dans cette passion des plantes et ce site.

2. mimi 01/04/2011

ce qui est bien avec ce site c est que tout est bien expliqués

3. Tiloone 21/10/2011

Original et ça m'a l'air assez exhaustif, ça donne des idées et une autre vision de ces fleurs.

4. CHARLINE (site web) 22/03/2012

sur cette page j'ai posté la photo d'une orchidée que je possède depuis peu. son parfum remplit l'appartement, c'est très agréable.
http://charlinedupas-de-calais.blog50.com/archive/2012/03/20/les-plantes-de-mon-appartement.html#comments
Pouvez-vous me renseigner ?
je vous remercie.

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